By sex

Data source: Ontario HIV Laboratory Cohort
 

Key points

  • In 2015, approximately 80% of the 16,110 people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario were male and 20% were female.
  • The numbers of males and females with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario have both increased over time. This increase was likely due to a combination of improved life expectancy (as a result of better care and treatment) as well as ongoing new HIV diagnoses. Increased migration of people living with HIV to Ontario may have also played a role.
  • Cascade indicator estimates have improved over time for both sexes. Between 2000 and 2015, there was a doubling in the percent of males and females with diagnosed HIV who were virally suppressed.
  • For many cascade indicators, estimates were slightly lower for females than for males. In 2015, the percent of people with diagnosed HIV who were virally suppressed was 80.4% for males and 76.5% for females.
  • Cascade estimates may differ within sub-populations of males and females, but these sub-analyses are not presented in this report. For example, other Ontario data sources have demonstrated lower engagement in care for heterosexual males compared to gay males, but these two populations are combined in this report. A future report will incude a breakdown of cascade estimates by priority populations, where possible. These populations are outlined in Ontario’s HIV/AIDS strategy.

 

Figures

Figure 1 Number of males living with HIV in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015

See Table 1 below for data.


Figure 2 Percent of males with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015

See Table 2 below for data.


Figure 3 Number of females living with HIV in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015

See Table 3 below for data.


Figure 4 Percent of females with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015

See Table 4 below for data.


Figure 5 Number of people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator and sex, 2015


Figure 6 Percent of people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator and sex, 2015


 

Tables

Table 1 Number of males living with HIV in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015
Table 2 Percent of males with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015
Table 3 Number of females living with HIV in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015
Table 4 Percent of females with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario who were engaged in the cascade by indicator, 2000 to 2015

Definitions

Cascade indicator Definition (main)
Diagnosed Nominal HIV-positive diagnostic testor HIV viral load test, and not administratively lost to follow-up after 2 years
In care At least one VL test in a given year
On antiretroviral treatment Documented on ART, or ART status missing and suppressed, on last VL test in a given year
Virally suppressed VL less than 200 copies/mL on last VL test in a given year

 
 
Notes: Data provided by Public Health Ontario Laboratories. ART status documented on viral load test requisition by ordering provider and missing for 17-20% of requisitions. Individuals missing information on sex were excluded (approximately 0.4%). Tables and Figures display main estimates only. A range of plausible values, based on alternative definitions, are available upon request. VL=viral load. ART=antiretroviral treatment.