By sex

Data source: Ontario HIV Laboratory Cohort
 

Key points

  • In 2015, approximately 80% of the 16,110 people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario were male and 20% were female.
  • The percent of people with diagnosed HIV who were female increased from 15.0% in 2000 to 20.0% in 2008, and has remained relatively stable at 20% for the past eight years.
  • The numbers of males and females with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario have both increased over time. This increase was likely due to a combination of improved life expectancy (as a result of better care and treatment) as well as ongoing new HIV diagnoses. Increased migration of people living with HIV to Ontario may have also played a role.

 

Figures

Figure 1 Number of people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario by sex, 2000 to 2015


Trends: Between 2000 and 2015, the number of people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario increased from 7,511 to 12,724 for males and 1,328 to 3,257 for females. While the increase in number was higher for males (5,213 vs. 1,929), the relative increase was higher for females (145% vs. 69%). See Table 1 below for data and definitions.


Figure 2 Percent of people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario by sex, 2000 to 2015


Trends: The percent of people with diagnosed HIV who were female increased from 15.0% in 2000 to 20.0% in 2008 – where it has since remained stable. See Table 1 below for data and definitions.
 

Tables and definitions

Table 1 Number and percent of people with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario by sex, 2000 to 2015


“Diagnosed” definition (i.e. person with diagnosed HIV living in Ontario)
Nominal HIV-positive diagnostic test or at least one HIV viral load test, and not administratively lost to follow-up after 2 years

 
Notes: Data provided by Public Health Ontario Laboratories. Individuals missing information on sex were excluded (approximately 0.4%). Tables and Figures display main estimates only. A range of plausible values are available upon request.