By sex 2017

Data source: Public Health Ontario Laboratory HIV Datamart

Key points

  • In 2017, there were 717 new HIV diagnoses among males and 195 among females – equivalent to a diagnosis rate per 100,000 people of 10.3 for males and 2.7 for females.
  • From 2008 to 2017, the new HIV diagnosis rate has consistently been three to four times higher among males compared to females.
  • Females accounted for approximately 1 in 4 new diagnoses in 2008, 1 in 6 in 2013, and 1 in 5 in 2017.
  • When ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were excluded: in 2017, there were 641 new HIV diagnoses among males and 152 among females – equivalent to a diagnosis rate per 100,000 people of 9.2 for males and 2.1 for females.
  • From 2013 to 2017, the rate of new HIV diagnoses remained stable among males but increased among females. However, when ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were excluded, the HIV diagnosis rate remained stable among both males and females.
  • From 2016 to 2017, the rate of new HIV diagnoses in males and females increased, but when ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were excluded, the HIV diagnoses rate decreased in both males and females.

 

Figures

Figure 1 Number of new HIV diagnoses by sex, Ontario, 2008 to 2017


Snapshot: The number of new HIV diagnoses among males has increased since a low in 2014 when there were 647 new HIV diagnoses and 618 excluding ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses. The number of new HIV diagnoses among females has increased since a low in 2013 when there were 129 new HIV diagnoses and 116 excluding ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses.


Figure 2 Rate of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000 people by sex, Ontario, 2008 to 2017


Snapshot: The rate of new HIV diagnoses among males remained stable since a low in 2013 when the rate was 9.7 per 100,000 people. When ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were excluded, the rate among males remained stable since a low in 2013 when the rate was 9.4 per 100,000 people. The rate of new HIV diagnoses among females has increased since a low in 2013 when the rate was 1.9 per 100,000 people. When ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were excluded, the rate among females remained stable since a low in 2013 when the rate was 1.7 per 100,000 people.


Figure 3 Percent of new HIV diagnoses by sex, Ontario, 2008 to 2017


Snapshot: The percent of new HIV diagnoses among males ranged from a low of 75.8% in 2008 to a high of 83.4% in 2013. There were no significant differences when ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were excluded. The percent of new HIV diagnoses among females ranged from a high of 24.2% in 2008 to a low of 16.6% in 2013. There were no significant differences when ‘out-of-province’ diagnoses were excluded.

Tables

Table 1 Number and rate of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000, males, Ontario, 2008 to 2017

 

Table 2 Number and rate of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000, females, Ontario, 2008 to 2017

 

Notes: Data provided by Public Health Ontario Laboratory. See technical notes for definitions. Rates calculated using Statistics Canada population estimates for all ages, accessed 04/09/2018. Diagnoses with unknown sex excluded (less than 1% of diagnoses).