Data source: Public Health Ontario Laboratory HIV Datamart
- In recent years, the number and rate of tests were similar for males and females. In 2016, 49.5% of people tested were males and 50.5% were females, while the testing rate per 1,000 people was 36.5 for males and 35.9 for females.
- Over the past decade, there was a greater increase in HIV testing for males compared to females. While historically the female testing rate exceeded the male rate, the past three years were the first where the testing rate was higher for males. Of note, the approximately 200,00 HIV-negative prenatal tests conducted among females each year were not included in this report.
- While the test positivity rate decreased over time for both sexes, it was consistently three to four times higher for males compared to females. In 2016, the positivity rate was 0.28% for males and 0.07% for females.
Figure 1 Number of HIV tests (thousands) by sex, Ontario, 2007 to 2016
Snapshot: Between 2007 and 2016, the number of tests increased over time for both sexes, with a greater increase for males. In 2016, there were 250,660 tests among males and 255,508 tests among females. See Table 1 below for data.
Figure 2 HIV testing rate per 1,000 people by sex, Ontario, 2007 to 2016
Snapshot: Between 2007 and 2016, the number of tests per 1,000 people increased for both sexes, with a greater increase for males. In 2016, the rate per 1,000 people was 36.5 for males and 35.9 for females. See Table 1 below for data.
Figure 3 HIV test positivity rate by sex, Ontario, 2007 to 2016
Snapshot: Between 2007 and 2016, the positivity rate decreased from 0.42% to 0.28% for males and from 0.10% to 0.07% for females. The positivity rate was consistently higher for males. See Table 1 below for data.
Table 1 Number and rate of HIV tests per 1,000 people and positivity rate by sex, Ontario, 2000 to 2016
|Year||Males: number of tests||Males: rate per 1,000 people||Males: positivity rate||Females: number of tests||Females: rate per 1,000 people||Females: positivity rate|
Notes: Data provided by Public Health Ontario Laboratory. HIV-negative prenatal tests not included. Tests with unknown sex were excluded (approximately 7% each year). Population estimates (all ages) retrieved from Statistics Canada (not shown).