HIV-positive diagnostic test

Defined as a blood sample that has initially tested reactive on a screening test (either at the laboratory or on a point-of-care / rapid test), and has been confirmed as HIV-positive by a separate test (Western Blot, p24 antigen confirmatory test, or polymerase chain reaction for children <18 months). HIV-positive diagnostic tests in the HIV Datamart includes all people who were diagnosed with HIV. That is, people who test HIV-positive for the first time in Ontario (never tested HIV-positive out-of-province), as well as people who were diagnosed HIV-positive elsewhere and moved to Ontario and tested again (‘out-of-province’ diagnoses).